Rosacea Causes, Symptoms & Treatments in Dallas, Texas

What is rosacea?

Rosacea is an ongoing/recurring skin condition that causes noticeable redness across areas of the face, sometimes spreading to other areas of the body including the chest and back. While rosacea can affect anyone, the condition most commonly affects people who are between the ages of 30 and 50, have a family history of rosacea or severe acne, or have suffered from severe acne, acne cysts, or acne nodules. There are four types of rosacea: subtype one, subtype two, subtype three, and subtype four. Each subtype has its own unique set of symptoms and can range in severity from mild to moderate, to severe.

Subtype one, also referred to as erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, is defined by redness and flushing of the face, along with blood vessels showing beneath the surface of the skin. Subtype two, also known as acne rosacea, causes breakouts across the face that resemble symptoms of acne. Subtype two also includes facial redness and swelling. Subtype three, also known as phymatous, is characterized by a thickening of the skin. Subtype four, known as ocular rosacea, affects areas of and around the eyes, causing redness, irritation, and inflammation.

What causes rosacea?

While the cause of rosacea is still being researched, there are some potential medical links to rosacea, including:

  • Genetics
  • Defects of the immune system
  • H pylori, an infection-causing bug
  • Demodex, a mite found on the human skin
  • Cathelicidin, a protein that defends the skin against infection

Rosacea flare-ups may also be induced by a range of triggers, including:

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Consuming spicy foods or beverages
  • Extreme hot or cold climates
  • Exposing the skin to wind or sunlight
  • Physical activity
  • Certain makeups
  • Certain medication
  • Certain emotions

What are the symptoms of rosacea?

Symptoms of rosacea commonly affect areas of the face, such as the nose, cheeks, and chin, sometimes spreading to other nearby areas of the body, such as the back or chest. Depending on the type of rosacea, symptoms may vary.

Symptoms of rosacea subtype one may include:

  • Redness and flushing in central areas of the face
  • Broken vessels, also known as spider veins, appearing at the surface of the skin
  • High skin sensitivity
  • Swelling of the skin
  • Burning and stinging sensations of the affected areas
  • Dry, rough, or scaly skin

Symptoms of rosacea subtype two may include:

  • Breakouts of the face that closely resemble acne
  • Oily skin
  • Spider veins appearing at the surface of the skin
  • Skin sensitivity
  • Burning and stinging sensations of the affected areas
  • Patches of raised skin on the face

Symptoms of rosacea subtype three may include:

  • Bumpy or irregular skin surface
  • Thickening of skin, mainly affecting the nose, and in some cases the cheeks, ears, chin, and forehead
  • Large pores
  • Oily skin
  • Spider veins appearing at the surface of the skin

Symptoms of rosacea subtype four may include:

  • Watery eyes
  • Red or bloodshot eyes
  • Feeling as though there is something grainy in the eyes
  • Stinging, burning, or dryness of the eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Blurred or impaired vision
  • Spider veins at the surface of the eyelids
  • Cysts around the eye

How is rosacea diagnosed?

Rosacea is diagnosed by an experienced dermatologist who can examine your skin. Along with an examination of the skin, your doctor may ask you to describe your symptoms, when they began, and if anything may have triggered them. Your doctor may also perform additional testing to rule out other potential conditions that may be causing your symptoms.

How is rosacea treated?

Depending on the type of rosacea and its severity, treatment will vary. Based on your unique needs, your doctor will determine the best rosacea treatment option recommendations for you.

Treatment options may include:

Along with the above treatment options, your doctor may recommend the following skin care tips or at-home treatments for rosacea to help prevent and alleviate rosacea flare-ups:

  • Avoid triggers that cause flare-ups
  • Wear sunscreen to protect your skin from sun damage
  • Wear a scarf or other face gear to protect your skin from cold or windy weather
  • Avoid frequent rubbing or touching of the face
  • Avoid alcohol-based skin products
  • Lightly massage the face to help bring down inflammation and swelling
  • Oils or other natural rosacea treatment alternatives

If you are experiencing symptoms of rosacea that are interfering with your quality of life, a consultation with an experienced dermatologist may be the first step towards helping restore the appearance and health of your skin. At Dermatology Treatment and Research Center, our board-certified physicians hold expertise in clinical, cosmetic, and general dermatology and are ready to provide you with high-quality expert care in a friendly and compassionate atmosphere. Call 972.661.2729 or fill out the form on this page to book an appointment.